Countries around the world have slapped varying degrees of restrictions on their populations in a bid to stop the spread of coronavirus. Many have effectively shut their borders except to nationals returning home, imposed strict controls on internal travel and ordered people to stay in their homes.
UK citizens are asked to stay at home and only leave the house for one of four reasons: Shopping for basic necessities, for example food and medicine; one form of exercise a day, for example a run, walk, or cycle; any medical need, or to provide care or to help a vulnerable person; or travelling to and from work, but only where this absolutely cannot be done from home.
If someone refuses to follow the regulations – for instance if they refuse when told by police to go home – officers can give them an on-the-spot fine of £60, reduced to £30 if paid within 14 days. If they keep breaking the law, more fines can be given – up to a maximum of £960.
Police could ultimately charge someone with the more serious criminal offence of breaching coronavirus regulations and a direction to follow them. This could lead to a conviction in a magistrates court and an unlimited fine.https://cf-particle-html.eip.telegraph.co.uk/d08d0aad-4d74-486a-9aae-b3d91438f1a2.html?ref=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/01/coronavirus-lockdown-rules-punishments-around-world/&title=Coronavirus%20lockdown%20rules%20and%20punishments%20around%20the%20world
The French have been in home confinement since March 17 with all but those in vital jobs ordered to stay indoors. Anyone who goes out must fill out and carry a special form justifying their reasons – health, food or essential family ones.
Physical exercise is also permitted within a kilometre of one’s home and for no more than an hour.
You must write the time on your form before leaving and return home before the hour is up.
Fines for non-compliance start at €135 (£120) and rise to €200 for anyone who repeats the violation within two weeks. Four violations within 30 days are punishable by a six-month prison term and €3,750 fine.
Some 359,000 fines have been handed out in two weeks.
Under Italy’s rigid quarantine regime, which have tightened since first being imposed on March 9, people are only allowed out if they are going to work, collecting medicine or shopping for essential food.
They are not allowed to leave their municipality unless they have an urgent need.
To do so, they must fill in a form explaining the reasons for leaving home.
The penalties for people caught flouting the law were increased last week from €206 to a maximum of €3,000.https://cf-particle-html.eip.telegraph.co.uk/307e87e5-6012-4efb-98b2-470f3a263f03.html?ref=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/01/coronavirus-lockdown-rules-punishments-around-world/&title=Coronavirus%20lockdown%20rules%20and%20punishments%20around%20the%20world
Under Spain’s state of emergency regulations, citizens can only go out alone to buy food, seek medical care, for emergencies or to work in essential industries.
Last weekend, it tightened its national lockdown, ordering all non-essential workers to stay at home for the next two weeks. Only workers in hospitals, pharmacies, the food supply chain and other essential industries are required to work until the end of Easter, in mid-April.
Police have been accused of using violence to enforce strict restrictions on movement, and hundreds have been arrested or fined for flouting the measures.
Fines vary from €100 for entering restricted areas to €600,000 and prison terms for serious abuse of emergency restrictions, such as protesting near infrastructure including power stations or transit hubs.
There is no nationwide curfew but more than two people can’t be outside together unless they’re part of the same household. Going for a walk with a friend who lives nearby is fine but groups of three or more are forbidden unless with family or roommates – as long as you keep at least 1.5m apart.
There are no sweeping, Germany-wide guidelines on fines, leaving it up to the individual states to decide for themselves. The western German states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate, for their part, could impose penalties of up to €25,000.
Going for a run, a walk, riding a bike, playing with your kids or taking your dog out are all allowed. Going to work is fine, so is emergency care for children. Grocery shopping, doctor’s visits, necessary appointments, helping others in need are authorised.
Many German states and local governments have even stricter rules in place. In Bavaria, for instance, residents are only allowed to be outside with people they already live with.https://cf-particle-html.eip.telegraph.co.uk/d607e45e-fe59-4ff0-bcf4-360d0dcf724c.html?ref=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/01/coronavirus-lockdown-rules-punishments-around-world/&title=Coronavirus%20lockdown%20rules%20and%20punishments%20around%20the%20world
Belgians must stay indoors and only go out for essential reasons, including health, food, banking, pharmacies, post office, petrol and to help others in need. Gatherings are banned.
Outdoor sports activities and walks outside are still allowed, but only in small groups, with a friend or with family members living under the same roof.
In theory, travelling for work can only be done with a certificate from the employer.
Supermarkets in Belgium remain open, but shoppers are only admitted if there is enough space for one person per 10 square metres, and they must not stay for more than 30 minutes.
Fines range from €26 to €500 and prison terms of between eight days and three months for repeat offenders.
The government has urged people to stay at home as much as possible, and leave the house only to go to work if people cannot work at home, to buy groceries or to take care of others. They can go out to get some fresh air, but not in groups.
All events and gatherings of three people or more (that are not from the same household) are banned until 1 June.
In public, a distance of at least 1.5 meters between people not from the same household must be observed, and shops and other venues are to enforce this distancing among their visitors.
Fines will be issued to those not complying with the new rules. Companies faces a fine up to €4,000 and individuals of up to €400 for non-compliance.
Local mayors will be able to introduce local emergency legislation, known as noodverordening, to enforce rules and impose fines.https://cf-particle-html.eip.telegraph.co.uk/baeb6cfe-2f1d-4be4-a13a-7985fdce1cf5.html?ref=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/01/coronavirus-lockdown-rules-punishments-around-world/&title=Coronavirus%20lockdown%20rules%20and%20punishments%20around%20the%20world
The health ministry has issued a series of general recommendations for municipalities and states and cities with a high number of cases.
These include reducing social contact with the elderly and the chronically ill; cancelling events in closed places; declaring early school holidays; and quarantine if the occupancy of ICU beds for the treatment of Covid-19 reaches 80 per cent.
Leisure, cultural and sporting events are banned to avoid crowds. Several universities and schools across the country have suspended activities.
However, far-right president Jair Bolsonaro has campaigned on social media under the slogan: “Brazil can’t stop,” suggesting that there is no need for the country to impose self-isolation rules.
The campaign was banned by judges in Rio de Janeiro.
He posted a number of videos on social media, in which he walked around busy markets near the capital Brasilia, greeting salesmen and citizens. Twitter on Sunday removed two of these for violating the platform’s regulations.https://cf-particle-html.eip.telegraph.co.uk/41b9dc30-53f8-4f76-9345-45eba67db937.html?ref=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/01/coronavirus-lockdown-rules-punishments-around-world/&title=Coronavirus%20lockdown%20rules%20and%20punishments%20around%20the%20world
Sweden adopted a laissez-faire approach to the outbreak early on, issuing recommendations, including for everyone to follow good hygiene practices, work from home if possible, and avoid all non-essential travel.
Elderly people and those in other high-risk groups were asked to avoid leaving their homes as much as possible, for example by doing grocery orders online or asking friends, neighbours or relatives to run errands. And anyone showing symptoms was asked to self-isolate and avoid all social contacts.
But food outlets in Stockholm continue to operate and receive customers. Schools for young people under 16, gyms, clothing stores and even some busy ski resorts have remained open (although major ones are now shutting).
Last Friday, Sweden toughened its “light touch” strategy and restaurants, bars, cafés and nightclubs were told to offer seated table service only; public events of over 50 people were banned.
Violations come with fines or prison terms of up to six months.
There is also a nationwide ban on visits to elderly care homes.
The country has a strictly enforced home quarantine system and an exhaustive contact-tracing programme.
Since the start of the outbreak thousands of people in Singapore have isolated themselves. Anyone required to do so can be called multiple times a day and asked to click an online link sharing their phone’s location. Officials also carry out spot checks in person to ensure compliance. Those who do not stay home can expect a fine of up to $10,000 or up to six months in prison.
India has limited the movement of the entire 1.3 billion population for 21 days. The lockdown was ordered after a 14-hour voluntary public curfew on 22 March, followed by enforcement of a series of regulations in affected regions.
People have been told to stay at home. All transport services – road, air and rail are suspended with exceptions for transportation of essential goods, fire, police and emergency services. Schools and non-essential businesses are shut. Food shops, banks and ATMs, petrol pumps, and key manufacturers are exempt. Anyone who fails to follow the restrictions can face up to a year in jail, according to the home ministry.
The country has imposed strict home confinement and a 14-day quarantine rule for foreigners with maximum penalties for breaching them in different states and territories ranging from $50,000 (£24,500) fines to six months’ jail time.
Australians in the state of New South Wales face a six-month sentence and a A$11,000 fine for leaving their own homes without a “reasonable excuse”.
The laws also ban gatherings of more than two people in public unless the people are members of the same household.
Western Australian police have been given greater powers to charge people for “failing to follow a directive” if they breach social distancing and self-isolation requirements, with on-the-spot A$1,000 (£500) fines also expected to be introduced this week.
In Victoria, Australia’s second-most populous state after New South Wales, Premier Daniel Andrews said residents will be fined $1,600 if they’re caught gathering in public in groups of more than two.
One 30-year-old man faces up to six months in prison and could be forced to watch videos of coffins of coronavirus victims after breaching self-isolation orders three times in twelve days.
South Africa has restricted people to their homes for most activities including exercise, only permitting excursions for buying food or health emergencies.
During the shutdown, there will be no jogging, dog-walking or sale of alcohol across the country.
Among Africa’s strictest, the lockdown empowers the government to call out the army to enforce it and making the deliberate dissemination of false information a criminal offence.
Violation of the regulations carries a maximum six-month jail sentence or a fine.
Kenya has enforced strict curfew measures, with all people ordered to stay indoors between 7pm and 5am, with key workers such as medical staff exempt from the measure.
Police are allowed to us “proportionate force where non-violent means are inadequate to achieve the objectives of the curfew,” but many have complained of brutal police tactics, claiming police have teargassed commuters and harassed doctors and nurses.